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Ethiopia is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. However in 1704 Spain was invaded by the Germans (officially by the Holy Roman Empire including Habsburg Austria and Prussia, as well as other minor German states), Great Britain, the Dutch Republic, the Duchy of Savoy and Portugal. Friendship Day. This line of demarcation was about halfway between the Cape Verde Islands (already Portuguese) and the islands claimed for Castile by Columbus on his first voyage. Philippine Ambassador to the Kingdom of Spain, Philippe Jones Lhuillier, emphasized the continuous positive growth of Philippine-Hispanic relations in a reception held to commemorate the 121 st anniversary of the proclamation of Philippine Independence. However, some Filipinos still prefer to eat the truly native Filipino way, without utensils. He and his Spanish heirs fought for a century against Dutch independence; despite the enormous cost they failed. [9][10], Eager to gain revenge on the British for its defeat during the Seven Years' War, France offered support to rebel American colonists seeking independence from Britain during the American War of Independence and in 1778 entered the war on their side. Ukraine has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in, United Kingdom has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in. Both countries re-established diplomatic relations on 5 January 1967; 21 years after they were broken. Spain has maintained its special identification with its fellow Spanish-speaking countries. It helped me a lot in making my occasional paper for school. In practice his wife Elisabeth Farnese ruled Spain from 1714 until 1746, and was more interested in Italy than Spain. Spain's European Union membership represents an important part of its foreign policy. Historically,land-related remedies extended by past regimes and administrators proved to be totally unable to fulfill the promise of alleviating the quality of life of the landless peasants. Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. At the outbreak, the U.S. had only a small amount of troops in the Philippines compared to Aquinaldo’s 40,000 fighters. At the Diet of Augsburg (1547) he secured recognition that the Netherlands belonged to the Hapsburg domain. First and foremost, it was seen as an opportunity to spread the Roman Catholic church, which had become quite powerful in Europe. In 1779 Spain joined the war, hoping to take advantage of a substantially weakened Britain. Tonga does not have an accreditation to Spain. The Filipino people were literate before the Spanish ever arrived, but the Spanish added new subjects to their academia such as math, Spanish, and business. Spain is accredited to East Timor from its embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia. in C. Beem and M. Taylor, eds. Tanzania is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. The Philippines remained under the control of the Spanish until 1898. Spain was one of the most powerful nations in the world around the 1500s. At this time, different nations would race each other to be the first to settle in and claim different areas. I appreciated reading this ethnolinguistic piece because you used a substantial amount of Spanish examples to reveal Spanish diffusion to the Philipines. Following the first Spanish voyage of Christopher Columbus to the Caribbean in 1492, both states began acquiring territory in the New World. Considering History and Narratives as Spain and the Philippines … The Philippine president is in Washington to mark the 50th anniversary of the Philippines-U.S. Defense Treaty. During the Spanish reign, they established Catholic-run schools. It's estimated that around 75,000 Italians fought in the war. Both countries were constantly in turmoil and it was a love-hate relationship. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SPANISH AND PHILIPPINE COMMERCIAL CODES. Bulgaria has an embassy in Madrid and an honorary consulate in. Hayden, on leave from the University of Michigan's political science department, taught at the University of the Philippines in 1922-1923 and again in 1931-1932; he participated in the 1926 survey of economic and internal conditions of the Relations with the Philippines are, despite a very long colonial past, considerably becoming stronger than before, dealing mostly with cultural aspects and humanitarian assistance programs. The Philippines is a country of passing conquerors and politics, but what remains constant through it all is its languages. Spain maintains economic and technical cooperation programs and cultural exchanges with Latin America, both bilaterally and within the EU. The Philippines was a colony of Spain for 333 years from 1521 to 1898. Spain kept its American colonies but lost its European holdings in Italy and the Spanish Netherlands (modern Belgium), mostly to Austria. After the Spanish victory in the War of Portuguese Succession Philip of Spain was crowned king of Portugal in 1581, beginning a personal union between the two nations known as the Iberian Union generating a decline of the Portuguese Empire during the period of Union. The Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 became a proxy war between the axis powers Germany and Italy and the Soviet Union (which lost). A gallery that features the history of diplomatic relations between Philippines and Spain. The meaning of the change of las names. The Philippines was built as a Spanish colony in 1565, when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi was appointed Governor General. Relations were severed in 1946 and were restored in 1970 at the level of consular office and trade mission. For a simple example, the relationship abiut Spain and Philippines is this: Spain was like the first boyfriend Philippines had but not for Spain. This is dictated by geographic proximity and long historical contacts, as well as by the two Spanish enclave cities of Ceuta and Melilla on the northern coast of Africa. Recognition of Philippine Independence, 1946. Philippine former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo concluded her second state visit in Spain in July 2006, bringing back millions of dollars of Spanish investments, particularly in Tourism and Information Technology. Spain has gradually begun to broaden its contacts with Sub-Saharan Africa. With the normalization of diplomatic relations with the Republic of South Korea on 7 March 1950 Spain completed the process of universalizing its diplomatic relations. ", Richard Gillespie, "Spain and the Mediterranean: Southern sensitivity, European aspirations. The Philippine Fight for Independence. President Macapagal-Arroyo spoke to students at Georgetown University where she was a student in the 1960s. (ARI #61, 2017), Alfonso Iglesias Amorín, "The Hispano-Moroccan Wars (1859–1927) and the (De) nationalization of the Spanish People. He inherited two major conflicts from his father. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero's victory in the 2004 general elections changed this setting. Formal diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Spain was established on 27 September 1947. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Awesome my DNA results point 3% genetic communities for Philippines and Guam. {if(f.fbq)return;n=f.fbq=function(){n.callMethod?n.callMethod.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments)};if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0';n.queue=[];t=b.createElement(e);t.async=!0;t.src=v;s=b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(t,s)}(window,document,'script','https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js');fbq('init','966613626711939');fbq('track','PageView'); Things That Keep People From Recording Their Lifey (And Why They Shouldn't). Ferdinand II and Isabella united Spain, drove out the Moslems, and used Christopher Columbus and numerous conquistadors to build a large colonial empire in Latin America. Formal diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Spain was established on 27 September 1947. “Spain Changes Course: Aznar’s Legacy, Zapatero’s Prospects.”. Iceland is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. Following Zapatero's decision to withdraw Spanish troops from Iraq immediately after the 2004 general elections, relations predictably soured, although important commercial links remained intact. : I look forward to reading your other ethnolinguistic pieces! Antigua and Barbuda has an embassy in Madrid. The American colonies shipped large amount of gold and silver, but the new wealth was spent in interminable wars against France and the Netherlands, as well as the Ottoman Empire, England and others. Jan 26, 2016 9:54 AM PHT. The United States’ drive to extend influence across the Pacific instigated a Philippine American War. The Marshall Islands were once part of the Spanish East Indies. This extended period of foreign domination left marked influences in the modern southern Italian dialects. Nevertheless, while the Spanish brought avocados, corn, and chocolate-these foods were originally from the Americas (as you probably know). Mongolia is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. Namibia is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. [147] The Habsburgs sought allies against France. Spain and the Philippines have signed agreements aimed for boosting the two countries relations in sports, culture, and education, one of this agreement is the promotion, teaching and learning of the Spanish language in the Philippines. Both countries now enjoy a close relationship for the past 70 years as Spain see Philippines as a … France has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in Barcelona, Germany has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in Barcelona and, Greece has an embassy in Madrid and 9 honorary consulates in, Spain has an embassy to the Holy See based in. "Institutions, European Integration, and the Policy Process in Contemporary Spain." Maestro/Linguista J. Jaramillo Nevertheless, with respect to food, corn, potatoes, cocoa, chile, and beans are from the Americas so they were a midpoint from the New World to the Philippines (as you probably know but it does not hurt to emphasize this.). Spain maintains sovereignty over Ceuta, Melilla, Peñon de Velez de la Gomera, Alhucemas and the Chafarinas Islands (captured following the Christian reconquest of Spain) based upon historical grounds, security reasons and on the basis of the UN principle of territorial integrity. Introduction. I have used it for all my Caribbean History works and it had help me a lot. The Spanish-American War brought Spain’s rule in the Philippines to a close in 1898 but precipitated the Philippine-American War, a bloody war between Filipino revolutionaries and the U.S. Army. First Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Cho Tae-yong met with his Spanish counterpart Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Ignacio Ybáñez Rubio in Madrid on June 1 for the tenth Republic of Korea-Spain high-level policy consultation. The Emperor and Empress of Japan arrived in the Philippines … These issues were highlighted by a crisis in 2002, when Spanish forces evicted a small contingent of Moroccans from a tiny islet off Morocco's coast following that nation's attempt to assert sovereignty over the Spanish island. Media in category "Relations of the Philippines and Spain" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. However Charles was intensely Catholic and the northern Netherlands was Protestant. Agrarian (Land) Reform in the Philippines During Spanish Period 1. Since January 27, 1970, the diplomatic relations were elevated to embassy-level. [7][8], After years of warfare and changing coalitions, the final result was that Philip V remained king. Franco-Spanish bilateral cooperation has been enhanced by joint action against recurring violence by separatist Basque group ETA since the 1960s. On June 12, 1898, during the Spanish-American War, the Filipinos declared their independence. 1. P.S. [20] These include the "five places of sovereignty" (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which Morocco contests, as well as the islands of Peñon de Alhucemas, Peñon de Vélez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas. Thank you very much sir me and my group mates are very happy to use this information for our debate tomorrow , The Spanish era of the Philippines lasted for 333 years. Spain is accredited to Uzbekistan from its embassy in Moscow, Russia. It is no surprise that over this long period of time, the Spanish language made its way into the Filipino dialects. East Timor is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Lisbon, Portugal. in, Alexander Samson, "A Fine Romance: Anglo-Spanish Relations in the Sixteenth Century.". Situated at the southern tip of the Iberian peninsula, overseeing the Strait of Gibraltar which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea, the territory has great strategic importance. BALER, Aurora -- The 17th Philippine-Spanish Friendship Day was celebrated here on Sunday on a high note with the relations between the two countries seen to become more dynamic and vibrant in the coming years. Spain has been successful in managing its relations with its three immediate European neighbours, France, Andorra, and Portugal. Although the Treaty of Tordesillas attempted to clarify their empires, many subsequent treaties were needed to establish the modern boundaries of Brazil and the 1529 Treaty of Zaragoza was needed to demarcate their Asian possessions. Chad is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. [3], Philip's own foreign policy can be divided into three phases. [citation needed]. Conflict and war erupted between the two nations. Belize is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium. MANILA, Philippines – As President Benigno Aquino III begins his trip across four countries in Europe starting with Spain, here is a summary of the current bilateral relations between Philippines and Spain. In the Middle East, Spain is known as a broker between powers. Spain is accredited to Belarus from its embassy in Moscow, Russia. Bolivia and Philippines were both Spanish colonies, diplomatic relations between the two countries began in 1970. After their meeting, she and Secretary Rumsfeld came outside the … Bolivia has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in. Spain became an international power in the 16th century, especially under the rule of kings Charles V (1516–1565) and Philip II (1556–1598). However, there remain problems surrounding the exploitation of oil and gas fields in the country by Spanish corporations like Repsol. While Spain's departure from its former colony of Western Sahara ended direct Spanish participation in Morocco, it maintains an interest in the peaceful resolution of the conflict brought about there by decolonization. England and the Papacy were sometimes part of the coalition against him. Thailand and Indonesia are Spain's main allies in the ASEAN region, having a considerable number of agreements and a very good relationship. Spain's highest priority was to recapture Gibraltar from Britain using the Great Siege of Gibraltar. Benigno Aquino III and Felipe VI 9.15.14.jpg 700 × 500; 106 KB Colombia has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in, Cuba has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in, Dominican Republic has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in, Ecuador has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in. Relations between Italy and Spain have remained strong and affable for centuries owing to various political, cultural, and historical connections between the two nations. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic has a delegation office in Madrid. The remainder fell to the United States in 1898. However, due to a notable public incident in 2007, Venezuelan-Spanish ties were briefly suspended, though were later re-established. The United States established diplomatic relations with Spain in 1783. Spain was neutral in both world wars. I’m working on a research project for school and this just made the process so much easier! The … This site was very helpful. Friars and nuns were the teachers at these schools. Bosnia and Herzegovina has an embassy in Madrid. [21], Olivenza (Spanish) or Olivença (Portuguese) is a town and seat of a municipality, on a disputed section of the border between Portugal and Spain, which is claimed de jure by both countries and administered de facto as part of the Spanish autonomous community of Extremadura. Prof. Dr. Eugenio Olmedo Peralta Senior Lecturer of Commercial Law Universidad Loyola-Andalucía . Today it is estimated that about 20% of Tagalog words are Spanish. Spain interprets Article 105 as not being mandatory on demanding Spain to return Olivenza/Olivença to Portugal, thus not revoking the Treaty of Badajoz. With the Philippines entering its own election season, there are growing speculations as to whether a new leadership in Manila will usher in a new bilateral dynamics with China. Spain is accredited to North Korea from its embassy in Beijing, China. Philippine Revolution (1896–98), Filipino independence struggle that exposed the weakness of Spanish colonial rule but failed to evict Spain from the islands. The invaders wanted to make the Habsburg candidate king instead of the incumbent Philip V who the grandson of France's powerful king Louis XIV and candidate of the House of Bourbon. Spain is accredited to Iceland from its embassy in Oslo, Norway and maintains an honorary consulate in. It entered into force on September 12, 1994, upon … Equatorial Guinea has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate in. It would be another 40 years until Spain finally attempted the Spanish conquest of the Philippines again. Spain has no embassy in Zambia, but has an honorary consulate in. Charles V (1500–1558) inherited vast lands across Western Europe and the Americas, and expanded them by frequent wars. Spain is accredited to Georgia from its embassy in Ankara, Turkey. Spain is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda from its embassy in Kingston, Jamaica. Here are a few specific ways that Spain influenced the Philippines during its reign. Examples of native Filipino last names include Macaraeg, Matapang, Masipag, Dimaguiba, Guinto, Magsaysay, Makapagal, Batungbakal, etc. Thus, the border between the two countries in the region of Olivenza/Olivença should be as demarcated by the Treaty of Alcanizes of 1297. Palau does not have an accreditation to Spain. He selected Manila as the capital in 1571. Spain and the Grand Duchy of Moscow first exchanged envoys in the 1520s; regular embassies were established in 1722. Both countries established diplomatic relations after the unification of Italy. Spain has established itself as a major participant in multilateral international security activities. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); !function(f,b,e,v,n,t,s) Spain had no real army, but it defense was a high priority for Louis XIV who sent in his French armies and after a devastating civil war eventually drove out the invaders from Spain. This website was very beneficial. Samoa is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium. Romania has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in Barcelona. A man from Portugal named Ferdinand Magellan, set sail under the Spanish flag, where he eventually discovered the Philippine islands. Portugal further bases its case on Article 105 of the Treaty of Vienna of 1815, which Spain signed in 1817, that states that the winning countries are to "endeavour with the mightiest conciliatory effort to return Olivenza/Olivença to Portuguese authority". Also interesting to note is that the Spanish were the ones who appointed Manila as the capital city of the Philippines. In many homes, you’ll see pictures of the virgin Mary or the last supper, and many people carry around rosaries with them. Friendship Day. These close relations are facilitated by similar governments: the government of conservative Spanish PM José María Aznar coincided with the government of also conservative José Manuel Durão Barroso in Portugal; today, both José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero of Spain and José Sócrates of Portugal are socialists. ", Woodworth, Paddy. Here are a few very common words that came from Spanish (the spellings have been Filipino-ized): The Spanish money system (based on pesos) was adopted into the Filipino lifestyle as well as the use of Spanish numbers in business and money transactions. During the Spanish civil war, the Corps of Volunteer Troops, a fascist expeditionary force from Italy, supported the Nationalist forces led by Francisco Franco. I just finished my bestfriend’s homework with the help of these. The Spanish brought with them their own cuisine and many of these foods were adopted into the Filipino diet. Because of the Spanish conquest, there is a strong tradition of Christianity among the Filipino people. In the Early modern period, until the 18th century, southern and insular Italy came under Spanish control, having been previously a domain of the Crown of Aragon. More information about Spain is available on the Spain Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. Spain is accredited to Tajikistan from its embassy in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. The Convention between the Republic of the Philippines and Spain for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income was signed in Manila on March 14, 1989. Philip and Mary got along personally, but there were no children and their retainers displayed mistrust and the marriage lacked in ceremonies and entertainments. [19], The strategic position of the Strait of Gibraltar has left a legacy of a number of sovereignty disputes. IMPORTANT UPDATE. Britain also gained Newfoundland and Nova Scotia from France. [13][14], Spain has maintained its special identification with its fellow Spanish-speaking countries. The other objectives may have been to gain wealth through the spice trade in Asia, and also to gain political power by conquering and laying claim to as many lands as possible. Spain also maintains that the majority of residents are Spanish. Democracy and a degree of normalcy followed 1975. One example of this was the abolishment of slavery. U.S.-SPAIN RELATIONS. Spain eventually took the Philippines by force in battle, one island at a time, until the whole country was conquered. Formal diplomatic relations were established in September 1947. Classes between the rich and poor, however, remained. El Salvador has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. From then on, migration to the Philippines was limited to already established relations, until it finally stopped. Turkey has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in. Marshall Islands do not have an accreditation to Spain. Pakistanis form the largest Asian immigrant community in Spain. During the 16th century (1500–1599) There were complex political, commercial, and cultural connections that linked the large powerful Spanish Empire under the Habsburgs with a small but ambitious England. A diplomatic crisis with Bolivia in 2005 due to a misunderstanding was quickly resolved by Zapatero and Spain became the first European country visited by Evo Morales on January 4, 2006. Sir Thank You For the information because i used it in my school project . Portugal continues to claim Olivenza/Olivença, asserting that under the Vienna Treaty of 1815, Spain recognized the Portuguese claims as "legitimate". Even on many international issues beyond Western Europe, Spain prefers to coordinate its efforts with its EU partners through the European political cooperation mechanisms. The Philippine Embassy in Spain commemorated the 70 th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Philippines and Spain on 28 September 2017 at the Instituto Cervantes, Calle Alcala 49 in Madrid. In the recent years Spain has also been boosting its contacts, relations and investment in other Asian countries, most notably Vietnam and Malaysia. To date, the situation where the present-day Spanish community in the Philippines finds itself is represented by the institutions and organizations that monitor relations and provide protection for its members: Pakistan and Spain enjoy extremely cordial and friendly ties. The Spanish king, Juan Carlos I, also reiterated in Mrs. Arroyo's visit, his support for her project in the Philippines to re-establish Spanish as an official language in the country. Bolivian President Evo Morales met King Juan Carlos and held talks with Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero during a visit to Spain in September 2009 with the intention of resolving issues concerning the nationalisation of the Bolivian energy sector. Chari, Raj S., and Paul M. Heywood. They fought against the Protestant Reformation and had large holdings across Western Europe. The accession of Spain and Portugal to the EU in 1986 has helped ease some of their periodic trade frictions by putting these into an EU context. Spain and the Philippines have signed agreements aimed for boosting the two countries relations in sports, culture, and education, one of this agreement is the promotion, teaching and learning of the Spanish language in the Philippines. He established Catholicism in some areas, including Cebu (where about 800 natives were baptized). Jamaica is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium. Elisabeth Farnese succeeded in recapturing Naples and Sicily. Spain was not even invited to the peace treaties (Peace of Utrecht); they forbade any future possibility of unifying the French and Spanish crowns. Portugal's copy of the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) divided the New World between Portugal and Castile. Britain acquired Minorca and Gibraltar from Spain, as well as the right to sell slaves to Spanish colonies. World leaders isolated General Franco, the ruler 1939–1975. Spain had control of the Philippines for more than 300 years, so it’s no surprise that there are many Filipino customs, traditions, and cultural norms that can be traced back to the Spanish. Western music, dance, art, recreation and customs were adopted by Filipinos. Both nations are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Philippines-Spain Diplomatic Relations. The death of Queen Mary brought Queen Elizabeth to the throne, and the two friendly nations became hostile enemies. Historically,land-related remedies extended by past regimes and administrators proved to be totally unable to fulfill the promise of alleviating the quality of life of the landless peasants. United Arab Emirates has an embassy in Madrid. The Iberian peninsula remained under Roman rule for over 600 years, until the collapse of the Western-Roman Empire. A well-organised force under Bernardo de Galvez operating out of Spanish Louisiana launched repeated attacks on British colonies in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Thank you so much! Spain is accredited to Chad from its embassy in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Italy has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. The FS of Micronesia were once part of the Spanish East Indies. Philippines - Foreign Relations. She talked about her government and the problems with terrorism in the Philippines. By 1700 decline and poverty had set in and Spain played a smaller and smaller role. The event was recently held at the Intercontinental Madrid Hotel in Spain. More information about Philippines is available on the Philippines Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. He … However, it was not until 6 March 1948 when the Philippines sent Mr. Manuel Escudero to head the Philippine Legation in Spain in his capacity as Minister Plenipotentiary. More recently, it has sought closer relation with Senegal, Mauritania, Mali and others to find solutions for the issue of illegal immigration to the Canary Islands. September 09, 2019 What’s in the First Spain Warship Voyage to the Philippines? Here’s a list of some of them: The Spanish also introduced forks, spoons, plates, and cups to the Philippines. They cooperate in the fight against drug trafficking and tackling forest fires (common in the Iberian Peninsula in summers), for example. Panama has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in, Paraguay has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in, Peru has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in. Whilst the disputed on Gibraltar with Great Britain is the best known territorial dispute of Spain, the country also has disputes with Portugal and Morocco. Castile followed suit decades later. Philippines - Foreign Relations. One of the more well-known of these colleges is the university of Santo Tomas, which was established back in 1611. (Friday)Until further notice, BLS Spain Visa Application Centre shall be back to its normal time of operations when all is back to normal. [148], The 2001 UK Census recorded 54,482 Spanish-born people living in the UK. ", Política exterior española, un balance de futuro. Kamen, Henry. It has a particular interest in its former colony of Equatorial Guinea, where it maintains a large aid program. Agrarian (Land) Reform in the Philippines During Spanish Period 1. In fact, the common Tagalog greeting “Kumusta” was derived from the Spanish “Como esta”  (How are you). This man, Spain's first royal governor, found his way to the islands from New Spain, or Spanish Mexico as we call it nowadays. For example, divorce is illegal there because of the Catholic church’s influence in the government and law-making. Did you know that the Philippines is the only predominantly Christian nation in Asia? As a result, today there are many Spanish last names still in use, such as Garcia, Cruz, Reyes, Mora, Vasquez, Valdez, Flores, Ramos, Perez, Villanueva, Ortiz, etc. The Romans introduced the Latin language, the ancestor of both modern-day Spanish and Italian. Portugal has an embassy in Madrid, consulates-general in. In 218 BC the Romans invaded the Iberian peninsula, which later became the Roman province of Hispania. The population is 80% ethnic Portuguese and 30% of Portuguese language. China has an embassy in Madrid, and a consulate-general in Barcelona. The Spanish-American War brought Spain’s rule in the Philippines to an end in 1898 but precipitated the Philippine-American War. The historic disputes with Portugal over the Savage Islands in the Atlantic Ocean were resolved in recent times. The move has the potential to hurt some Spanish companies however relations were said to be "positive" between the Bolivian state and Spanish private sector energy companies. [99] Relations were established in the late 1950s. Today, relations with Venezuela are quite good, which has caused some controversy with the United States, who have been in recent disagreements with Venezuela under Hugo Chávez and its growing relations with "Anti-American Nations", such as Cuba, China, Russia and several Islamic Middle Eastern countries. Introduction. However, there were some Filipinos who did not want to change their native last names, and so today there are still some native names remaining. Around 120 guests from the Spanish government, diplomatic corps, academe, and business sector were on hand to celebrate the event, which also featured a mini-exhibit … Spain briefly regained some Italian holdings until the British sank its fleet in 1718. [4] His instructions to his most important advisor Duke Lerma to wage a war of "blood and iron" on his rebellious subjects in the Netherlands reflects this. He lacked heirs and his death triggered a succession crisis, where the main claimants to the throne were Philip II of Spain and Anthony, Prior of Crato. Spain is accredited to Fiji from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand. Zimbabwe is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. [5] After 1609, when it became evident that Spain was financially exhausted and Philip sought a truce with the Dutch, there followed a period of retrenchment; in the background, tensions continued to grow, however, and by 1618 the policies of Philip's 'proconsols' were increasingly at odds with de Lerma's policy from Madrid. 1502–d. During José María Aznar's government, Spanish relations with some Latin-American countries like Mexico, Venezuela and Cuba worsened, but were exceptionally good with others like Colombia, Dominican Republic and several Central America republics. Nearly all its colonies fought for and won independence in the early 19th century. Philippines-Spain relations . Spain is accredited to Monaco from its embassy in Paris, France. Portugal also holds claim to the disputed territory of Olivença in the Portuguese-Spanish border. Morocco claims these territories on the basis of the UN principles of decolonisation, territorial integrity and that Spanish arguments for the recovery of Gibraltar substantiate Morocco's claim. During the 15th century, Portugal built increasingly large fleets of ships and began to explore the world beyond Europe, sending explorers to Africa and Asia. Spain is accredited to Moldova from its embassy in Bucharest, Romania. The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Kingdom of Spain began on 7 March 1950.[102]. Trinidad and Tobago is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium. Spain has been an effective example of transition from dictatorship to democracy, as shown in the many trips that Spain's King and prime ministers have made to the region.[15]. Relations with the Philippines are, despite a very long colonial past, considerably becoming stronger than before, dealing mostly with cultural aspects and humanitarian assistance programs. [2], Philip III has a poor reputation in terms of both domestic and foreign policy. They then urged Spain to do the same, hoping the combined force would be strong enough to overcome the British Royal Navy and be able to invade England. ", It was suggested that Bolivia would also negotiate with Spanish companies to produce car parts and lithium batteries in the future.[30]. We want partners, not owners of our natural resources. Portugal claims the de jure sovereignty over Olivenza/Olivença on the grounds that the Treaty of Badajoz was revoked by its own terms (the breach of any of its articles would lead to its cancellation) when Spain invaded Portugal in the Peninsular War of 1807.[22]. Relations between Portugal and Spain are also good. [149] In comparison, it is estimated that 100,000 British-born people live in Spain. At the outbreak, the U.S. had only a small amount of troops in the Philippines compared to Aquinaldo’s 40,000 fighters. Spain does not have any real enemies, on the other hand it does not maintain good relations with anyone. The Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day was established on July 22, 2002. In its relations with the Arab world, Spain frequently supports Arab positions on Middle East issues. Russia has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. in, Esteban, Mario. The second, the Anglo–Spanish War was a newer, and less critical conflict with Protestant England, marked by a Spanish failure to successfully bring its huge military resources to bear on the smaller English military. Switzerland has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. The islands were very remote, so the Spanish Royal Family commissioned the Philippine government administration to the Viceroyalty of New Spain based in Mexico City for over two and half centuries. Spain governed the Philippines as a colony from 1521 until 1898. Filipinos still celebrate and participate in many Catholic holidays and customs. The Arab countries are a priority interest for Spain because of oil and gas imports and because several Arab nations have substantial investments in Spain.[16]? This was helpful. North Macedonia has an embassy in Madrid. The first of these, the long-running Dutch revolt, represented a serious challenge to Spanish power from the Protestant United Provinces in a crucial part of the Spanish Empire. Zambia is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe. Thank you for the information you’ve posted, sir. Furthermore, the Embassy of Bolivia in Tokyo has jurisdiction over the Philippines, while the Philippine Embassy in Santiago, Chile, has jurisdiction over Bolivia. Spain is accredited to Tonga from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand. They also named the islands “Filipinas” after Prince Philip os Asturias, who later became the King of Spain. THE Philippine Embassy in Spain recently commemorated the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Spain. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected. Portugal has never made a formal claim to the territory after the Treaty of Vienna, but has equally never directly acknowledged the Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza/Olivença. Thank you very much for this information,,it really helped me a lot. However, it was not until 6 March 1948 when the Philippines sent Mr. Manuel Escudero to head the Philippine Legation in Spain in his capacity as Minister Plenipotentiary. THANK YOU THIS SITE HELP ME FOR MY HOMEWORK. Tajikistan is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Geneva, Switzerland. Evo Morales said that Bolivia is ready to accept outside investment in its energy and natural resource industries as long as foreign firms do not act as owners and that Bolivia is "looking for investment, be it from private or state sector. The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire… In the meeting, the two sides discussed ways to step up bilateral cooperation. Spain continued to send expeditions to the Philippines until 1564. Today, using Spanish numerals is the marketplace norm. Soviet-Spanish relations, once terminated after the Spanish Civil War, were gradually reestablished since 1963 and fully established in 1977. Identity midway between dialogue and settlement of accounts." U.S. Spain has several interests in Morocco. Garcia Cantalapiedra, David, and Ramon Pacheco Pardo, Heywood, Paul M. "Desperately seeking influence: Spain and the war in Iraq. Spain is accredited to Belize from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala. Britain was the main winner; it blocked France from becoming too powerful. The Spanish have had a huge influence on Filipino culture. Spain is accredited to Kyrgyzstan from its embassy in Almaty, Kazakhstan. During the Spanish rule, westernized culture gradually began to seep into the Filipino way of life. Fighting broke out on Feb. 4, 1899, and eventually far exceeded that against Spain. it is a very helpful to everyone that uses this website. The United States recognized the Republic of the Philippines as an independent state on July 4, 1946, when President Harry S. Truman did so in a proclamation. As a result of the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, Portugal acquired its most potentially important colony, Brazil (much of the South American continent), as well as a number of possessions in Africa and Asia, while Castile took the rest of South America and much of the North American continent as well as a number of possessions in Africa, Oceanía and Asia as the important colony of the Philippines. Olivenza/Olivença was under continuous Portuguese sovereignty since 1297 until it was occupied by the Spanish in 1801 and formally ceded by Portugal later that year by the Treaty of Badajoz. The FS of Micronesia do not have an accreditation to Spain. 31-12-2008", Embassy of Romania in Madrid (in Romanian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Bucharest (in English, Romanian and Spanish), Embassy of Russia in Madrid (in Russian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Moscow (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Serbia in Madrid (in Serbian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Belgrade (in Serbian and Spanish only), Embassy of Spain in Kyiv (in Spanish and Ukrainian), Embassy of Ukraine in Madrid (in Spanish and Ukrainian), Embassy of Spain in London (in English and Spanish), "A Period of Turbulent Change: Spanish-US Relations Since 2002", Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foreign_relations_of_Spain&oldid=991678424, Articles with dead external links from December 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Trade between two countries amounts to two billion Euros (2008); in March 2009 two countries signed an energy agreement providing national energy companies access to other party's domestic markets. Miguel López de Legazpi’s (b. At first most of the warfare took place outside of Spain. Much of his attention focused on wars in Italy. Thus, the border between the two countries in the region of Olivenza/Olivença should be as demarcated by that treaty. It was part of the Spanish conquest to convert all the natives to Christ through their Catholic tradition. Namely, with the Miguel López de Legazpi. Unlike their French allies (for whom the war proved largely to be a disaster, financially and militarily) the Spanish made a number of territorial gains, recovering Florida and Menorca. [18] Both countries now enjoy a close relationship for the past 70 years as Spain see Philippines as a major and important ally in Asia. Today, Spain is trying to expand its still narrow relations with East Asian nations,[17] with China, Japan and South Korea as its main points of interest in the region. Mauritania has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in, Morocco has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in. The Philippine Fight for Independence. Spain has been an effective example of transition from dictat… On public transportation are plastered posters of Jesus and Mary and religious sayings. Under the government of José María Aznar, Spain developed exceptionally good relations with the US, in great part due to the personal empathy between Aznar and George W. Bush. Even their beliefs and perspectives about life experienced a bit of a drift away from Eastern muslim philosophies to a  more westernized perspective. Here is some more of the shared history that has shaped U.S.-Philippine relations. ", Miguel A. Melón Jiménez, "The Spanish-Portuguese Frontier (1297–1926). The Iberian Union lasted for almost sixty years until 1640, when the Portuguese Restoration War was initiated against Spain and Portugal reestablished the Portuguese dynasty under the Bragança. They left their mark probably more so than any other foreign nation to which the Philippines was subjected.Spain was one of the most powerful nations in t… Fiji is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium. Ever since it was captured in 1704 by Anglo-Dutch forces during the War of the Spanish Succession, Gibraltar has been the subject of a dispute between Britain and Spain. Argentina has an embassy in Madrid and consulates-general in. To this day, forks and spoons are used when eating (but not knives). Miguel López de Legazpi’s (b. The mediation of King Juan Carlos I is said to have produced the pardon and liberation of two Filipina domestic workers sentenced to death in Kuwait and the UAE. Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in. Ties with the United Kingdom are generally good, although the question of Gibraltar remains a sensitive issue, especially since the UK vote on Brexit. Its policy emphasizes the concept of an Ibero-American community, essentially the renewal of the historically liberal concept of "Hispano-Americanismo" (or Hispanic as it is often referred to in English), which has sought to link the Iberian peninsula to the Spanish-speaking countries in Central and South Americathrough language, commerce, history and culture. The United States’ drive to extend influence across the Pacific instigated a Philippine American War. Fighting broke out on Feb. 4, 1899, and eventually far exceeded that against Spain. Honduras has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. Philippines-Spain Diplomatic Relations. 1572) conquest of Manila in 1571 ushered in a 327-year epoch of Castilian rule in the Philippine Islands, but his actions also created unintended historical by-products that made the undertaking dissimilar to any other colony in the Spanish … [1] Among other domains he was King of Spain from 1516, and Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria from 1519. Starting 28 September 2020, BLS Spain Visa Application Centre shall operate as per the timings here under. [12] Despite a prolonged besiegement, the British garrison there was able to hold out until relieved and it remained in British hands following the Treaty of Paris. Spain is accredited to Palau from its embassy in Manila, Philippines. Madagascar is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. Website Disclaimer. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. Unlike the physical … Spain recognized Ukraine's independence in 1991. Filipino precolonial people were dubbed as “freemen” when violated the rules of the tribe. You could probably add more information about the food. The marriage of sovereigns –Philip II and Mary Tudor– in 1554 was the high point in a century of negotiations, wars and treaties. (Contributed by Rebecca, Philippines Baguio Mission, 2009-2011). Spain governed the Philippines as a colony from 1521 until 1898. [6], The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) saw Spain in a nearly helpless position as multiple European powers battled for control over which of three rivals would be king. Spain is experienced and have many “relationships” before Philippines. The Philippine–Spanish Friendship Day was established on July 22, 2002. Spain is accredited to the FS of Micronesia from its embassy in Manila, Philippines. Jodesz Gavilan. Distrustful of republics, Spain did not officially recognize the new United States of America.[11]. this is pretty fine mate you helped my son thanks mate. The time that the Philippines was under Spanish rule makes up a major part of their history. In the Early modern period, southern and insular Italy came under Spanish control, having been previously a domain of the Crown of Aragon. U.S.-PHILIPPINES RELATIONS The United States established diplomatic relations with the Philippines in 1946. José María Beneyto, 2011, p 425, ch 11 by, Ramón Pacheco Pardo, "Spain and Asia: harnessing trade, soft power and the EU in the Asia-Pacific Century." Spain is accredited to Samoa from its embassy in Wellington, New Zealand. Sarah Duncan, "'He to Be Intituled Kinge': King Philip of England and the Anglo-Spanish Court." "Spain’s Relations with China: Friends but not Partners.". That’s because when the Spanish took over, they brought their long tradition of Catholicism with them. United States has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in, Spain is accredited to Armenia from its embassy in. Papua New Guinea is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium. In time, the Spanish also set up colleges (segregated by gender). Japan has an embassy in Madrid, a consulate-general in. In 1849, the Governor sent out an order that all families were to choose a new last name from a list of Spanish last names (in order to create a more organized system of keeping track of people). "Vicissitudes of a world power 1500-1900" in Raymond Carr, ed, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 07:57. Kyrgyzstan does not have an accreditation to Spain. As head of the rising House of Habsburg during the first half of the 16th century, his dominions in Europe extending from Germany to northern Italy with direct rule over the Austrian hereditary lands and the Burgundian Low Countries, and a unified Spain with its southern Italian kingdoms of Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia. Here is a little bit about the Spanish reign over the Philippines and some interesting things that Spain introduced to the Filipino way of life. Spain is accredited to Papua New Guinea from its embassy in Canberra, Australia. Philippine-China relations, however, are particularly grim. War of the Spanish Succession and after 1701–1759, Richard Youngs, "Spain, Latin America and Europe: the complex interaction of regionalism and cultural identification. He and his wife, Queen Sofia attended the 1998 centennial celebrations in Manila, commemorating 100 years of independence from Spain. She put her son on the throne there. The need for effective confrontation of the illegal migration pressures on both states in the Mediterranean basin have led to close cooperation both bilaterally and within the framework of the European Union. In 2008, the Spanish government indicated that 12,582 Moldovan citizens were legally working there. Philippine relations. 1502–d. (Monday to Thursday)0800 to 0900 hrs. Spain claims the de jure (legal) sovereignty over Olivenza/Olivença on the grounds that the Treaty of Badajoz still stands and has never been revoked. Spain is accredited to the Marshall Islands from its embassy in Manila, Philippines. [citation needed]. In fact, Spanish introduced feudalism that became the source of exploitation of power. Just wanted to clarify, there is no slavery in the Philippines during the precolonial times. He abdicated in 1759 to return to Madrid as King Charles III of Spain. Submission Time 0800 to 1100 hrs. Despite long-standing close linguistic, economic and cultural relations with most of Latin America, some aspects of Spanish foreign policy during this time, such as its support for the Iraq War, were not supported or widely favored. Practically everywhere you go you will see big Catholic cathedrals. Pakistan has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. Spain is accredited to Madagascar from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa. Henry of Portugal, reigned until his death (31 January 1580). Niger is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France. According to historians, there were three objectives for taking the Philippine islands. For the first nine years of his reign, he pursued a highly aggressive set of policies, aiming to deliver a 'great victory'. This was so helpful! Today, Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory and houses an important base for the British Armed Forces. 1572) conquest of Manila in 1571 ushered in a 327-year epoch of Castilian rule in the Philippine Islands, but his actions also created unintended historical by-products that made the undertaking dissimilar to any other colony in the Spanish … Abstract: Spain and the Philippines share more than just three centuries of common history, but they also have in common a legal background that still links nowadays both countries. Palau was once part of the Spanish East Indies. The Philippine Embassy in Buenos Aires exercised jurisdiction over Bolivia. One very interesting thing that the Spanish  changed about the Philippines was the use of native last names. Spain had “conquered” many “girls” that are more important than Philippines like Mexico, Cuba, etc. He was warmly received by some native tribes but conflict arose with others. Today as a result, the Catholic church still remains a very powerful force in the Philippines. I intellectualy enjoyed reading your comprehensive peace because it was very “revealing” and full of Spanish borrowings/diffusion of abstract and concrete examples. On June 12, 1898, during the Spanish-American War, the Filipinos declared their independence. Spain joined NATO and entered the European Community. They were easy winners against weak British garrisons, and were planning an expedition against Jamaica when peace was declared in 1783. Its policy emphasizes the concept of an Ibero-American community, essentially the renewal of the historically liberal concept of "Hispano-Americanismo" (or Hispanic as it is often referred to in English), which has sought to link the Iberian peninsula to the Spanish-speaking countries in Central and South America through language, commerce, history and culture. His great enemy on land was France, on the Mediterranean Sea it was the Ottoman Empire, which at times was allied with France. Both countries maintain enhanced cooperation on the serious problem of illegal migration, which they have in common. When elected, President Barack Obama expressed his wish to enhance cooperation between both countries, especially in policies like the Green Energy plan from Zapatero,[73] introducing the AVE (the Spanish High Speed Train) in United States [74] and aiding US by receiving in Spanish prisons Guantanamo Prison detainees [75]. FAST FACTS: PH-Japan relations through good and bad times. It became a battlefield between the British Empire and France in the Napoleonic Era. Spain is accredited to Mongolia from its embassy in Beijing, China. Brazil has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. Solemn Opening of the Parliament of Spain, Spanish-speaking countries in Central and South America, Democratic Republic of the Congo–Spain relations, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic–Spain relations, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs on bilateral and trade relations between Spain and Argentina (in Spanish), nationalisation of the Bolivian energy sector, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs on bilateral relations between Mexico and Spain (in Spanish), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs on bilateral and trade relations between Spain and Mexico (in Spanish), Association of Spanish Language Academies, Spanish Ministry of Foreign about the relation with Paraguay (in Spanish), Spanish Ministry of Foreign on bilateral relations with Uruguay (in Spanish), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperations about the relation with Armenia (in Spanish only), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Israel (in Spanish), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with South Korea (in Spanish only), South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Spain (in Korean only), Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Spain, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation about relations with Belarus (in Spanish only), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation: Spanish representations in Belarus, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Bulgaria (in Spanish), Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration: list of bilateral treaties with Spain, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Croatia (in Spanish only), February 2008 unilateral declaration of independence, Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Spain, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with Serbia (in Spanish only), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ukraine (in Spanish only), Federated States of Micronesia–Spain relations, "Embassy of Equatorial Guinea in Spain (in French and Spanish)", Embassy of Spain in Equatorial Guinea (in Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Rabat (in English and Spanish), "Sahrawi Delegation in Madrid (in Spanish)", Sahrawi Delegation in Barcelona (in Spanish), Embassy of Argentina in Madrid (in English and Spanish), "Embassy of Spain in Buenos Aires (in Spanish)", http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2009/09/2009914223014746611.html, Embassy of Bolivia in Madrid (in Spanish), Embassy of Brazil in Spain (in Portuguese and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Brazil (in Portuguese and Spanish), "Embassy of Chile in Madrid (in Spanish)", "Consulate-General of Chile in Barcelona (in Spanish)", Embassy of Spain in Santiago (in Spanish), "Embassy of Colombia in Madrid (in Spanish)", "Embassy of Spain in Bogota (in Spanish)", Embassy of the Dominican Republic in Madrid (in Spanish), Embassy of Spain in 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Spanish), "Embassy of the United States in Madrid (in English and Spanish)", Embassy of Uruguay in Madrid (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Uruguay in Barcelona (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Uruguay in Las Palmas (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Uruguay in Santiago de Compostela (in Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Montevideo (in Spanish), Embassy of Venezuela in Madrid (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Venezuela in Barcelona (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Venezuela in Bilbao (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Venezuela in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (in Spanish), Consulate-General of Venezuela in Vigo (in Spanish), Embassy of Armenia in Madrid (in Armenian, English and Spanish), "Honorary Consulate Generals of India in Spain", Embassy of Israel in Madrid (in Hebrew and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Tel Aviv (in English and Spanish), Embassy of the Philippines in Madrid (in Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Manila (in English and Spanish), http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/countries/europe/countries/20070823/1_24610.jsp?menu=m_30_40, http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/press/pressreleases/index.jsp?menu=m_10_20&sp=/webmodule/htsboard/template/read/engreadboard.jsp%3FtypeID=12%26boardid=302%26seqno=315297, http://whic.mofa.go.kr/board.do?menuNo=100&boardConfigNo=35&boardNo=10851&action=view, Embassy of South Korea in Madrid (in Korean and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Seoul (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Ankara (in Spanish and Turkish), Embassy of Turkey in Madrid (in Spanish and Turkish), Embassy of Albania in Madrid (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Andorra in Madrid (in Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Andorra la Vella (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Bulgaria in Madrid (in Bulgarian, English and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Sofia (in Bulgarian and Spanish), Embassy of Croatia in Madrid (in Croatian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Zagreb (in Croatian, English and Spanish), "Embassy of Denmark in Madrid (in Danish and Spanish)", Embassy of Spain in Copenhagen (in Danish, English and Spanish), Embassy of France in Madrid (in French and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Paris (in French and Spanish), "Embassy of Germany in Madrid (in German and Spanish)", Embassy of Spain in Berlin (in German and Spanish), Embassy of Greece in Madrid (in Greek and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Athens (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Spain to the Holy See (in Spanish), Embassy of Hungary in Madrid (in Hungarian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Budapest (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Ireland in Madrid (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Dublin (in English and Spanish), Embassy of Italy in Madrid (in Italian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Rome (in Italian and Spanish), Embassy of Spain in Valletta (in Spanish), Embassy of Moldova in Madrid (in Moldovan), "Extranjeros con tarjeta de residencia en vigor incluidos en el Régimen General según nacionalidad y tipo de autorización de residencia.

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