Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Ephesus. Little remains of it today, although some of its remnants reside in the British Museum, including a column with Croesus’s signature. The emperor had made Ephesus a free city and it was given the title “Supreme Metropolis of Asia.” It also contained one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the temple of Diana, and was a center of mystical cult worship. Leave a Comment / Uncategorized. It was colonized principally from Athens. Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. Ephesus continued to thrive even as other Ionian cities rebelled against Persian rule. Her house and John’s tomb can be visited there today. All Rights Reserved. For example, ephesos (Ephesus) sounds similar to the Greek words arestos (desirable) and epitrepo (permitted). The Seleucid king Antiochus III took back Ephesus in 196 B.C. In the same city the fierce general Lachanodracon put to death thirty-eight monks from the monastery of Pelecete in Bithynia and other partisans of the holy images . Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. It was located at the western terminus of a great highway that crossed Asia Minor from Syria, and this, together with its seaport on the Aegean, made it a major city for trade. In 262 A.D., the Goths destroyed Ephesus, including the Temple of Artemis. There are, however, a couple of significant problems with interpreting Paul’s beasts as literal animals. “The temple was 425 feet long, 220 feet wide, and 6… Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Revelation that received a spiritual evaluation directly from Jesus Christ (Revelation 2:1 - 7). . Its access to the sea brought it ships from many places within the Empire. Current World Archaeology. The city relied heavily on its iconic places of worship to attract visitors to support its struggling economy. This valley slopes toward the sea. Another legend says Ephesus was founded by the Amazons, a tribe of female warriors, and that the city was named after their queen, Ephesia. Unfortunately, since they had left their first love of the gospel, they were in danger of dying out. Ephesus is one of the most popular places to go in Turkey for travelers interested in Biblical and historical sites. They are also, however, reminders of the human capacity for disagreement, ...read more, Jerusalem is a city located in modern-day Israel and is considered by many to be one of the holiest places in the world. An ancient city of Greek Asia Minor in present-day western Turkey. Ephesus [N] [H] [S] the capital of proconsular Asia, which was the western part of Asia Minor. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Starting in the first century A.D., notable Christians such as Saint Paul and Saint John visited and rebuked the cults of Artemis, winning many Christian converts in the process.Mary, the mother of Jesus, is thought to have spent her last years in Ephesus with Saint John. The Lydian King Croesus, who ruled from 560 B.C. Ephesus was taken in 655 and 717 by the Arabs. 2Timothy 1:16, 18The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain . Throughout history, Ephesus survived multiple attacks and changed hands many times between conquerors. A church that upholds doctrinal purity at the expense of showing love is just as flawed as a church that upholds congregational harmony at the expense of truthful teachings. It was noted for its wonderful temple that was built for worship of the goddess Diana.. Meta. . During this time, the heavy taxes imposed by the Roman government led to the rebellion of Mithridates and, in 88 BCE, a massacre of all the Latin speaking inhabitants of the city was carried out during the storming and sack of Ephesus by the Roman army under Sulla. Byzantine Ephesus: Life in the City after Empire. It’s name written in Holy Bible 16 times and known as one of the most important Early Christian City. . Ephesus continued to deteriorate, although it experienced a brief period of growth and construction under the rule of the Seljuk Turks in the fourteenth century. Livius.org. In 129 B.C., King Attalos of Pergamon left Ephesus to the Roman Empire in his will and the city became the seat of the regional Roman governor. ; however, after being defeated at the Battle of Magnesia six years later, Ephesus fell under Pergamon rule. Ephesus was a splendid Greek city of Asia Minor, situated half-way up the western coast of modern-day Turkey, on the river Cayster. Acts 19. Ephesus and its inhabitants are mentioned more than twenty times in the New Testament. During the Byzantine era, Constantine the Great declared Christianity the official religion of all of Rome and made Constantinople the capital of the Roman Eastern Empire. Located on a limestone hill high above Athens, Greece, the Acropolis has been inhabited since prehistoric times. It was Jews from Asia, most of which were from the city and knew what the Apostle Paul looked like, that identified him in Jerusalem's temple (Acts 21:27). by Androclos, the son of legendary King of Athens. Ancient Ephesus lies in a valley between two hills. Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a ...read more, Delphi was an ancient religious sanctuary dedicated to the Greek god Apollo. The legend says that as Androclos searched for a new Greek settlement, he turned to the Delphi oracles for guidance. Ancient History Encyclopedia. 1 “To the angel of the church in Ephesus, write the following: (Rev 2:1) The city of Ephesus was one of the most remarkable jewels of the ancient world, in fact possibly number three in population in the Asia Minor (around 150,000 people), which is located in the Modern day Turkey. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. EPHESUS. … The church excelled at testing those who claimed divine inspiration and hated the teachings of those, like the Nicolaitans, who supported a hierarchical church structure. With an artificial harbor accessible to the largest ships, and rivaling the harbor at Miletus, standing at the entrance of the valley which reaches far into the interior of Asia Minor, and connected by highways with the chief cities of the province, Ephesus was the most easily accessible city in Asia… Ephesus played a vital role in the spread of Christianity. KJV: he said, [Ye] men of Ephesus, what man INT: says Men Ephesians what indeed. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Artemis was the goddess of the hunt, chastity, childbirth, wild animals and the wilderness. By the end of that century, Ephesus was abandoned, its legacy left to archaeologists, historians and the thousands of visitors to flock to the region each year to see the ancient ruins. Significance Today: The lesson in the letter to Ephesus teaches that truth and love must go hand-in-hand. to service the massive amounts of goods arriving or departing from the man-made harbor and from caravans traveling the ancient Royal Road. One day, as Androclos was frying fish over an open fire, a fish flopped out of the frying pan and landed in the nearby bushes. Acts 19:35And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter? Some define the name Ephesus as meaning “desirable.” In John ’s day Ephesus was the leading city of the Roman province of Asia, and later was its capital. Series NotesScripture quotes are taken from the King James translation.The definition of each listingis derived from a variety of sources. Ephesus, now Selçuk in modern Turkey, was one of the most famous cities of the ancient Mediterranean. ... and in The knowledges of good and truth from Some define the name Ephesus as meaning “desirable.” In John ’s day Ephesus was the leading city of the Roman province of Asia, and later was its capital. What does Lazarus, Rich Man parable mean. The Hagia Sophia is an enormous architectural marvel in Istanbul, Turkey, that was originally built as a Christian basilica nearly 1,500 years ago. The city was once considered the most important Greek city and the most important trading center in the Mediterranean region. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy endurance, and that thou canst not bear the evil, and hast tried them that say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars; Both St. Paul and St. John spent the Apostle years in Ephesus. Starting in the first century A.D., notable Christians such as Saint Paul and Saint John visited and rebuked the cults of Artemis, winning many Christian converts in the process. After that Ephesus became once mor… Battle of Magnesia, December 190 B.C. The Biblical Significance of Ephesus The ancient city of Ephesus is a favourite destination of tourists visiting Turkey because of its breath-taking ruins and significant historical and religious significance. The ruined city of Ephesus, pronounced Eph-e-sus (as [efəsəs]), is a true marvel, for it is a place of great historical, cultural and architectural significance. Ephesus is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and the biblical book of Ephesians, written around 60 A.D., is thought to be a letter from Paul to Ephesian Christians, although some scholars question the source. Ancient Ephesus City (Ephesus Breeze). In 431 A.D., a council was held in the Church of Saint Mary which confirmed the Virgin Mary as the mother of God. The city suffered severe damage in an earthquake in 17 CE. And he sailed from Ephesus. Ephesians 1:1Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus. Unlike other great Hellenistic/Roman cities—Alexandria, Antioch, Rome, Constantinople—Ephesus was abandoned in antiquity. Ephesus is twice mentioned in the Apocalypse ( 1:11; 2:1). Modern-day excavations have revealed that three smaller Artemis temples preceded the Croesus temple. Located on the Aegean Sea, Ephesus was ideally situated to become a center of wealth. The church excelled at testing those who claimed divine inspiration and hated the teachings of those, like the Nicolaitans, who supported a hierarchical church structure. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia to which the Revelation to John was addressed. Ephesus. A spark ignited the bushes and a wild boar ran out. UNESCO. The Temple of Artemis was destroyed, its ruins used to build Christian churches. Ephesus was the prosperous capital of the Roman province of Asia. The temple was later destroyed and never rebuilt. Ephesus was founded as an Attic-Ionian colony in the 10th century BC on a hill (now known as the Ayasuluk Hill), three kilometers (1.9 miles) from the centre of ancient Ephesus (as attested by excavations at the Seljuk castle during the 1990s). According to legend, the Ionian prince Androclos founded Ephesus in the eleventh century B.C. 2. The Ottoman Empire took final control of Ephesus in the fifteenth century; however, the city was in dire straits, its harbor practically useless. In 334 B.C., Alexander the Great defeated the Persians and entered Ephesus. It was the first known democracy in the world. Much like the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Parthenon in Athens, the Hagia Sophia is a long-enduring symbol of the cosmopolitan ...read more, The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most famous ancient archaeological sites in the world. Ephesus in The Bible As is known Turkey and Ancient Ephesus City had an important role for the early Christianity. Unfortunately, since they had left their first love of the gospel, they were in danger of dying out. Ephesus was a city on the western coast of Asia Minor, near the mouth of the Cayster River. He asked the oracles in Delphi where and how he could find a new settlement for Greeks. Also we see in Act 18:15 that St John the Baptist disciples came to Ephesus after the Jesus Christ’s ascension. According to local belief, Ephesus was the last home of the Virgin, who was lodged near the city by St. John and died there. Ephesus was located near the mouth of the Cayster River only three miles from the coast. Biblegateway.com. https://www.history.com/topics/ancient-greece/ephesus. Throughout the centuries, the ...read more, Mycenae is an ancient city located on a small hill between two larger hills on the fertile Argolid Plain in Peloponnese, Greece. Chapter 19 in the Book of Acts tells of a riot started by a man named Demetrius. Demetrius made silver coins featuring the likeness of Artemis. Tours, Athens, Greece 35A, Dimokratias str., Athens,Greece Phone: + 30 210 2323604 Fax: + 30 210 2323604 E-mail: [email protected] Member of the Greek Tourism Organization Much of Ephesus’s ancient history is unrecorded and sketchy. The Apostle Paul evangelized the city during his second and third missionary journeys and started the first Christian church in it (Acts 19). The oracles told him a boar and a fish would show him the new location. In the time of the Romans it bore the title of "the first and greatest metropolis of Asia." During the Iconoclastic period two bishops of Ephesus suffered martyrdom, Hypatius in 735 and Theophilus in the ninth century. Seeming to hold the common understanding of the nature of life and the purpose of human life in contempt (as, in fact, he seemed to hold most, if not all, the human beings he came in contact with) Heraclitus compared most peoples understanding to that of those asleep. . Not every Ephesian was open to Paul’s Christian message. This well-illustrated page is a helpful overview of Paul’s time in the city. Location The ancient city of Ephesus, located in western Asia Minor at the mouth of the Cayster River, was an important seaport. In the sixth and seventh centuries A.D., a massive earthquake and the harbor’s continuing decline left Ephesus a shell of the city it used to be, and Arab invasions forced most of the population of Ephesus to flee and start a new settlement. Recalling the oracles’ wisdom, Androclos built his new settlement where the bushes stood and called it Ephesus. Ephesus is twice mentioned in the Apocalypse (1:11; 2:1). 1Corinthians 15:32If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? His desire to preach and teach in Ephesus resulted in him residing in it for roughly three and one half years. The answer of oracles was very interesting and simple. The city was also home to the temple of Diana (Artemis), considered to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. These other cities continue to thrive today, which means that they cannot be completely excavated. Ephesus was an ancient port city whose well-preserved ruins are in modern-day Turkey. Upon his death in 323 B.C., one of his generals, Lysimachus, took over the city and renamed it Arsineia. Jerusalem is a site of major significance for the three largest monotheistic religions: Judaism, Islam and Christianity, and both Israel and Palestine have ...read more. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Revelation that received a spiritual evaluation directly from Jesus Christ (Revelation 2:1 - 7). In 356 B.C., a crazed man named Herostratus burned down the Temple of Artemis. The central building faculty of the consciousness called desire. C.B. • God did extraordinary miracles through Paul, such that even handkerchiefs and aprons touched by … This left Ephesus, a city already facing decline due to accumulating silt in its harbor, left to fend increasingly for itself. Its location on the great east-west road that ran from it to the Euphrates River also contributed to it being a chief hub of trade and a place where people wanted to live. When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not; But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. let us eat and drink: for to morrow we die. After Ephesus City was invaded by Goths in 263 AD and they destroyed both the city and the Temple of Artemis. Acts 20:17And from Miletus he (Paul) sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church. Mary, the mother of Jesus, is thought to have spent her last years in Ephesus with Saint John. Ephesus is located near the western shores of modern-day Turkey, where the Aegean Sea meets the former estuary of the River Kaystros, about 80 kilometers south of Izmir, Turkey. History and description of the various attractions in Ephesus by a local tour agency that offers day trips at a reasonable cost. This is all a part of the beautiful park or paradise of God. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. Therefore, scholars have proposed that the city may have originally been assigned one of these names, but then over time the pronunciation of the name changed to ephesos (Ephesus). The Bronze-age acropolis, or citadel built on a hill, is one of the great cities of the Mycenaean civilization that played a vital role in classical ...read more, The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved monuments of ancient Rome. In light of the content of the letter to this church in Revelation 2, Pastor Armstrong favors the interpretation of … As well as having a very important association with early Christianity. It is believed John died in the city at the end of the first century A.D. In 129 BCE the Roman Empire acquired Ephesus according to the will left by Attalos, King of Pergamon, by which they were bequeathed his kingdom. A business district was opened around 43 B.C. With an artificial harbor accessible to the largest ships, and rivaling the harbor at Miletus, standing at the entrance of the valley … Apostle Paul in Ephesus (ToursAroundTurkey.com). It was founded in the tenth century BC (probably on or near the ruins of an even older settlement) and prior to the Roman conquest was ruled alternately by Ionians, Cimmerians, Lydians, Persians and finally the Greeks under Alexander the Great. The apostle John, according to tradition, spent many years in Ephesus, where he died and was buried. Their identification and stirring up of the crowd began a long series of events that would lead to Paul being arrested by the Romans and sent to Rome for trial.
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